Asperger’s Syndrome has been described as a “high functioning" type of Autism. People with Asperger’s Syndrome may not have a learning disability.
Asperger’s Syndrome sometimes doesn't become obvious until a child is older. Indeed some people can go through their whole lives having Asperger’s Syndrome and not receive a diagnosis until they are in their 40’s, or older. Hans Asperger identified the condition during the 1940’s, however it only became widely known and researched in the 1980’s with the groundbreaking work of Dr Lorna Wing. Dr Wing described the main clinical features of Asperger’s Syndrome to be:
Lack of empathy
Naive, inappropriate one-sided interactions
Little or no ability to form friendships
Pedantic or repetitive speech
Poor non verbal communication
Intense fascination or focus in certain subjects
Clumsy and ill-coordinated movements and odd postures
People with Asperger’s Syndrome can go on to experience significant achievements in life. They may have above average intelligence, go to university, hold down a job and have a family.
Some people with Asperger’s Syndrome have gone on to become professors – world experts in their chosen field. A good example of this is Professor Temple Grandin. (See the Reference section for her website details.)